In Darfur, Sudan, where about 2.7 million people have been displaced from their homes by conflict, the situation is particularly dire. Each day, Darfuri women face the difficult choice between risking sexual assault during treks to collect firewood or selling a portion of their family’s meager food rations for cash to purchase wood. The Berkeley-Darfur Stove, developed by scientists at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and volunteers from UC Berkeley and Engineers Without Borders, is a metal stove that reduces the need for firewood by more than half, owing to its improved combustion and heat transfer efficiencies. LBNL has partnered with a nonprofit organization, Potential Energy, and a number of aid organizations to disseminate more than 22,000 Berkeley- Darfur Stoves to Darfuri women. Several hundred thousand more are needed.
Gadgil, Ashok, Sosler, Andree, and Debra, Stein. “Stoves Solutions: Improving Health Safety and Environment with Fuel-Efficient Stoves”, The Solutions Journal, V4, No. 1, March 2013.
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